Professor Bradley J. Ruffle


Office Address:

Department of Economics
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
P.O. Box 653
Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel

Office Location:

Marcus Campus, Building 72, Room 451








CV | Research Interests | Education | Editorial Position | Publications
Invited Book Chapters| Papers under Review | Working Papers | Book Reviews | Teaching |

Research Interests

  • Experimental Economics
  • Behavioral Economics
  • Applied Microeconomics
  • Industrial Organization
  • Economics of Religion


  • Ph.D. in Economics, Princeton University, 1996
  • M.A. in Economics, Princeton University, 1993
  • B.A. in Mathematics and Economics, York University, Glendon College, Canada, 1991

Editorial Work

  • Associate Editor, International Journal of Industrial Organization (Dec. 2006 - present)
  • Co-Editor (with H.-T. Normann), International Journal of Industrial Organization, special issue on "Experiments in Industrial Organization," January 2011, 29:1, 1-154.


·        Ruffle, Bradley J. and Yossef Tobol (2014) “Honest on Mondays: Honesty and the temporal separation between decisions and payoffs,” European Economic Review, 65, 126-135.

·        Ruffle, Bradley J. (2013) “When do large buyers pay less? Experimental evidence,” Journal of Industrial Economics, 61:1, 108-137. [Article]

·        Blumkin, Tomer, Bradley J. Ruffle and Yosef Ganun (2012) “Are Income and Consumption Taxes Ever Really Equivalent? Evidence from a Real-Effort Experiment,” European Economic Review, 56, 1200-1219. [Article]

·        Kaplan, Todd R. and Bradley J. Ruffle (2012) “Which Way to Cooperate?” Economic Journal, 122, 1042-1068. [Article]

·        Kaplan, Todd R. and Bradley J. Ruffle (2009) “In search of welfare-improving gifts,” European Economic Review, 53, 445-460. [Article]

·        Normann, Hans-Theo, Bradley J. Ruffle and Christopher M. Snyder (2007) “Do Buyer-Size Discounts Depend on the Curvature of the Surplus Function? Experimental Tests of Bargaining Models", RAND Journal of Economics, 38:3, 747-767. [Article]

·        Ruffle, Bradley J. and Richard Sosis (2007) “Does it Pay to Pray? Costly Ritual and Cooperation,” The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, Vol. 7: Iss. 1 (Contributions), Article 18. [Article]

·        Ruffle, Bradley J. and Ze'ev Shtudiner (2006) “99: Are Retailers Best Responding to Rational Consumers? Experimental Evidence,” Managerial and Decision Economics, 27:6, 459-475. [Article],  [Discussion of Future Research]

·        Ruffle, Bradley J. and Richard Sosis (2006) “Cooperation and the In-Group-Out-Group Bias: A Field Test on Israeli Kibbutz Members and City Residents,” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 60:2, 147-163. [Article]

·        Ruffle, Bradley J. (2005) “Tax and Subsidy Incidence Equivalence Theories: Experimental Evidence from Competitive Markets,” Journal of Public Economics, 89:8, 1519-1542. [Article]

·        Sosis, Richard and Bradley J. Ruffle (2004) “Reply: Religious Ritual and Cooperation,” Current Anthropology, 45:4, 529-530.

·        Sosis, Richard and Bradley J. Ruffle (2004) “Ideology, Religion and the Evolution of Cooperation: Field Experiments on Israeli Kibbutzim,” Research in Economic Anthropology, 23, 89-117.

·        Kaplan, Todd R. and Bradley J. Ruffle (2004) “The Self-Serving Bias and Beliefs about Rationality,” Economic Inquiry, 42:2, 237-246. [Article]

·        Sosis, Richard H. and Bradley J. Ruffle (2003) “Religious Ritual and Cooperation: Testing for a Relationship on Israeli Religious and Secular Kibbutzim,” Current Anthropology, 44:5, 713-722. [Article]

·        Tykocinski, Orit E. and Bradley J. Ruffle (2003) “Reasonable Reasons for Waiting,” Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 16, 1-11. [Article]

·        Ruffle, Bradley J. (2003) “Competitive Equilibrium and Classroom Pit-Market Experiments,” Journal of Economic Education, 34:2, 123-137. [Article],  [Accompanying Materials]

·        Ruffle, Bradley J. (2000) “Some Factors Affecting Demand Withholding in Posted-Offer Markets,” Economic Theory, 16:3, 529-544. [Article],  [Uncut Version]

·        Ruffle, Bradley J. and Orit Tykocinski (March 2000) “The Deadweight Loss of Christmas: Comment,” American Economic Review, 90:1, 319-324. [Article],  [Unpublished Version],  [Appendices]

·        Ruffle, Bradley J. (1999) “Gift Giving with Emotions,” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 39:4, 399-420. [Article]

·        Ruffle, Bradley J. (1998) “More Is Better, But Fair Is Fair: Tipping in Dictator and Ultimatum Games,” Games and Economic Behavior, 23, 247-265. [Article]

·        Kaplan, Todd and Bradley Ruffle (Spring 1998) “Self-Serving Bias [Comment],” Journal of Economic Perspectives, 12:2, 243-244. [Article]

Invited Book Chapters

  • Ruffle, Bradley J. (2009) “Buyer Countervailing Power: A Survey of the Theory and Experimental Evidence,” in Experiments and Antitrust Policy, J. Hinloopen and H.-T. Normann (eds.), Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, pp. 160-182. [Article]

Papers under Review

  • Ruffle, Bradley and Ze'ev Shtudiner "Are Good-Looking People more Employable?". [Article]
  • Ruffle, Bradley and Oscar Volij “First-Mover Advantage in Two-Sided Competitions: An Experimental Comparison of Role Assignment Rules”.
  • Feldman, Naomi E. and Bradley J. Ruffle “The Impact of Tax Inclusive and Exclusive Prices on Demand”.
  • Kaplan, Todd R., Bradley J. Ruffle and Ze'ev Shtudiner “Waiting to Cooperate”.
  • Ruffle, Bradley and Richard Sosis "Do religious contexts elicit more trust and altruism? An experiment on Facebook”. [Article]

Book Reviews

  • "Not Just for the Money: An Economic Theory of Personal Motivation", by Bruno J. Frey, Edward Elgar, 1997, European Journal of Political Economy, 1999, 15:2, 379-380. [Book Review]
  • "Gandhi's Economic Thought" by Ajit DasGupta, Routledge, 1996, in Journal of International Trade and Economic Development, 7:4, 451-453, 1998. [Book Review]


Graduate Courses

  • Experimental Economics
  • Behavioral Economics
  • Industrial Organization

Undergraduate Courses

  • Experimental Economics
  • Behavioral Economics
  • Industrial Organization
  • Advanced Microeconomics
  • Intermediate Microeconomics
  • Introductory Microeconomics