URBAN CLUSTERING:

THE BENEFITS AND DRAWBACKS OF LOCATION

 

Boris A. Portnov and Evyatar Erell

 

Book concept.It is argued that the location of an urban community in relation to other urban places and the degree of sustainability exhibited by this community in its population growth and economic development are interrelated. The future development (both failure and success) of a new community may, therefore, largely be predetermined by the place in which it is located, and, specifically, by spatial characteristics of a settlement cluster of which the community may be a part.

 

Preface

Introduction – location factors of sustainable urban growth

 

Part One

MEASURING URBAN LOCATION

Chapter 1.1

Defining and measuring remoteness

1.1.1. Relativity of remoteness

1.1.2. Implications for urban growth

Chapter 1.2

Defining and measuring isolation

1.2.1. Intra-regional patterns of urban localities: climate vs. economy

1.2.2. Measures of isolation

1.2.3. Implications of isolation

Chapter 1.3

“Interfering” factors: transportation and landscape

1.3.1. The problems of heterogeneous terrain

1.3.2. Aerial vs. road distances

1.3.3. Time estimates

Chapter 1.4

Indirect measures of urban location

1.4.1. Population density

1.4.2. Distribution of employment

Chapter 1.5

City-size distribution and agglomeration indices

1.5.1. Pareto-Christaller-Lösch models

1.5.2. Agglomeration indices

1.5.3. Christaller’s centrality index

1.5.2. Regional and urban potential

Chapter 1.6

Concluding remarks

 

Part Two

MEASURING SUSTAINABLE URBAN GROWTH

Chapter 2.1

Sustainable urban growth as a development issue

Chapter 2.2

Criteria for sustainable urban growth

2.2.1. Economic criteria

2.2.2. Environmental criteria

2.2.3. Population criteria

Chapter 2.3

Defining and measuring sustainable population growth

2.3.1. MBNG index as an integrated indictor of sustained population growth

2.3.1. Private construction as a general indicator of urban attractiveness

Chapter 2.4

Modeling population attractiveness of urban communities

2.4.1. Influencing factors

2.4.2. Employment availability

2.4.3. Housing

2.4.4. Infrastructure

2.4.5. Services and recreation facilities

 

Part Three

URBAN CLUSTERS

Chapter 3.1

The nature of urban clustering

Chapter 3.2

Formation of urban clusters

3.2.1. Scattered growth

3.2.2. Suburban sprawl

3.2.3. Planning policies

Chapter 3.3

Benefits and drawbacks of clustering

3.3.1. Urbanized core

3.3.2. Peripheral areas

Chapter 3.4

Index of clustering as an integrated measure of location

3.4.1. Definition of the index of clustering

      1. Population vs. locality approach
      2. Range, performance and stability of observations

 

Part Four

CASE STUDIES

Chapter 4.1

Suitability of cases and data sources

Chapter 4.2

Israel

Chapter 4.3

Norway

Chapter 4.4

Japan

Chapter 4.5

Korea (?)

Chapter 4.6

Australia

Chapter 4.7

United Kingdom

 

Part Five

DEVELOPMENT POLICIES

Chapter 5.1

Influencing urban growth by planning measures

Chapter 5.2

Optimum city size

Chapter 5.3

Growth poles

Chapter 5.4

Infrastructure and investment incentives

Chapter 5.5

Redirecting priorities and development clusters

 

Bibliography

Subject Index